Sunflower varietal resistance to sunflower moth larvae
Elmer C. Carlson, University of California, Davis
Paul D. Knowles, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis
John E. Dillé
California Agriculture 26(6):11-13. DOI: 10.3733/ca.v026n06p11.
Elmer C. Carlson is Specialist, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis; Paul F Knowles is Specialist, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis; John Dillé, made the seed sections and took the microphotographs John Campbell, Nurseryman in Entomology, assisted with the field and seed evaluations;
Damage to sunflower heads and seeds by larvae of the sunflower moth, Homoeosoma electellum (Hulst), is usually economically important. As an alternative to chemical methods of control, it appears that resistant sunflower varieties can be developed. Resistance or tolerance to larval feeding by the sunflower moth has been found in a few of our varieties, but only in those plants with a phytomelanin layer in the hull of the seed. Russian scientists, who term this the “armored layer,” have found that this layer offers resistance to the larvae of the species of the sunflower moth commonly found in Russia.
This study was based primarily on investigations under project 2418 and project 1812.