Model could aid emergency response planning for foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks
California Agriculture 63(3):137-142. DOI: 10.3733/ca.v063n03p137.
Infectious animal diseases are an ever-present threat to intensive livestock production. We analyzed control technology for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in a livestock-intensive region of the Central Valley, using a previously developed, numerical, optimal disease-control model. We found that the alternative FMD controls we studied (early detection, herd depopulation and vaccination) can be partially substituted for one another (substitutability) without substantially changing outbreak costs. This information can be used to develop effective and efficient policies to prepare for an FMD outbreak in California.
M. Kobayashi is Research Assistant Professor, Department of Resource Economics, University of Nevada, Reno; R.E. Howitt is Professor and Chair, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Davis; T.E. Carpenter is Professor and Co-Director, Center for Animal Disease Modeling and Surveillance, Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, UC Davis.
The authors thank the three anonymous referees for helpful comments. This study was supported by the Department of Homeland Security and the National Center for Foreign Animal and Zoonotic Disease Defense.