Energy, public opinion, and public policy—a survey of urban, suburban, and rural communities
Edward J. Blakely, University of California
California Agriculture 30(8):4-5. DOI: 10.3733/ca.v030n08p4.
Not available – first paragraph follows:
The California lifestyle depends on easy access to in-expensive energy. Continued rising energy costs probably will mean drastic alterations in that lifestyle and consequently in the growth patterns of the state's communities. It seems apparent, furthermore, that public attitudes about the energy crisis - its causes and consequences — will influence state and national policy.
A new type of module transport unit that became commercially available in 1975 picks up and hauls cotton modules made directly on the ground, thereby eliminating the need for pallets. Total loading time in the field avenged about 8 minutes less for a palletless module than for a pallet module. The palletless system eliminates the problems associated with handling, storing, and repairing pallets, and requires a much lower total equipment investment than the pallet system. But without pallets, the bottom cotton is more likely to get wet from min or moist soil. When the oneway hauling distance is not over 10 miles and the annual use per mover is greater than 400 modules, total field-to-suction costs are substantially less with the palletless system than with the pallet system. For less than 300 modules per year per mover, the pallet system is more economical.